The Selective En-Bloc Redevelopment Scheme, or SERS, was first launched in 1995 by HDB (Housing and Development Board). The objective is to select flats in the older housing estates, usually more than 25 years old, for redevelopment purposes. Residents of the selected flats are usually compensated at market values and given priorities in the new replacement flats nearby.
There are four main groups of public housing in Singapore, namely HDB, SIT (Singapore Improvement Trust), JTC (Jurong Town Corporation) and HUDC (Housing and Urban Development Company (HUDC) Private Limited).
When HDB was established in 1960, it gradually took over the role of SIT, its predecessor, in providing affordable public housing for Singaporeans. JTC was started in 1969 for the industrialisation of Jurong. During the industrialisation period, the organisation built numerous JTC flats for its workers. In 1982, the management of the JTC flats were handed over to HDB.
HUDC was launched in 1974 for the middle income families but was phased out by 1982. In the same year in which the SERS was launched, HDB also announced the privatisation plans for HUDC flats.
As of 2013, more than 70 sites have been announced for SERS, with hundreds of flats demolished in the past 18 years.
West Coast Road (Block 513-520)
The SERS of the ten blocks of HDB flats at West Coast Road, built in around 1980, was announced in August 2016, the first SERS of the year and the 80th site selected for SERS. A total of 994 housing units, 14 shops and a kopitiam will be affected in the en-bloc scheme.
The replacement units, expected to be completed in 2022, will be at Clementi Avenue 1 and West Coast Link respectively.
Dakota Crescent (to be updated)
The rustic and peaceful Dakota Crescent estate, existed since 1958, was officially announced in July 2014 as one of the planned sites for future redevelopment. The 400 residents were expected to move out by 2016.
Woodlands Centre Road (Block 1A, 2A)
The low-rise flats and shops at the old Woodland Town Centre, completed in 1980, were chosen for the SERS in 2012. The vicinity had been planned for redevelopment, particularly for the construction of a new extension of the Woodlands Checkpoint.
In March 2017, the site of the old Woodlands Town Centre was acquired by SLA. By November, its residents had to vacate the place. The old town centre was officially closed on 30 November 2017, marking the end of its 37-year existence.
Clementi Avenue 5 (Block 321-323)
Three blocks of Clementi Avenue 5 flats were announced for SERS on 13 February 2011. The 41-year-old blocks – they were completed in 1977 and their leases began in July 1978 – were in a highly sought-after location within the Clementi New Town, where the Clementi MRT station is a short distance away.
The flats stood in a bustling neighbourhood filled with many shops and eateries. The nearby Block 328 is also well-known for its rows of aquarium shops, also known as local fish shops, that are patronised by many hobbyists.
By August 2018, most units at Block 321, 322 and 323 were vacated, as the majority of the residents had moved to their first choice replacement flats at Clementi Cascadia at Clementi Avenue 3.
Boon Lay Drive (Block 167-172)
The six blocks of JTC flats at Boon Lay Drive were selected for the SERS program in 2011. About six years later, they were vacated as the residents moved out by the mid of 2017.
Many of the JTC flats at Boon Lay were demolished in the eighties and nineties; in their places now are the new HDB flats.
Redhill Close (Block 1-3, 5-22)
The Redhill Close flats, or commonly known as chek lau (seven-storey in Hokkien), were built in 1955 by SIT. Started as rental flats, they were built to accommodate the lower income families living at Bukit Merah. Designed with trapezoid roofs and curved facades, the flats retained a colonial flavour in the pre-independence days.
Many families have lived at their Redhill Close homes for decades. The 21 blocks of SIT flats are expected to be emptied by 2017, much to the displeasure of its residents.
East Coast Road (Block 1-3)
The four low-rise flats at East Coast Road, the only public housing in this vicinity, were built by the HDB in 1962 for the resettlement of the villagers who lost their homes in a big fire at Siglap.
As East Coast was developed to be a prime area filled with landed properties and condominiums, it became obvious that the 50-year-old flats had to go sooner or later. In November 2011, the East Coast Road flats were placed under the SERS list, and were demolished five years later.
Commonwealth Drive (Block 74-80)
The famous zhup lau chu (10-storey buildings) at Tanglin Halt, built in 1962 and once featured on the back of the 1-dollar note of the Orchid series, were announced as a SERS site in August 2008. By late 2013, most of the flats, shops and eateries were emptied.
In 2014, another 31 blocks in the Tanglin Halt vicinity were also announced for SERS.
Silat Road, Kampong Bahru Hill, Silat Walk (Block 17-19, 22-31)
Built in the 1950s by SIT, such low-rise Art Deco-styled flats had become rare in a modern Singapore; the other similar ones still existing are located at Tanglin Halt.
Henderson Road (Block 94, 96)
Teban Gardens Road (Block 2-11)
The blocks of flats at Teban Gardens Road were among the first public housings to be built by HDB in the Jurong East and West Coast vicinities. Before its construction, this area was a large mangrove swamp that extended from Sungei Pandan. It took years of land reclamation to fill up the swamp and extend the coastline.
In 1964, JTC established the small housing estate of Taman Jurong, and quickly followed were Boon Lay Gardens, Teban Gardens and Pandan Gardens in the early seventies. The Teban Gardens flats, however, were built by HDB in 1978 after development plans for a Jurong East New Town were drawn.
The ten blocks of flats at Teban Gardens were vacated by early 2013. Almost all the residents have shifted after getting their SERS notice as early as 2007.
Clementi Avenue 1 (Block 401-404, 407-409)
Ang Mo Kio Avenue 1 (Block 246-252)
In the late seventies, the standard concrete slab block design of HDB flats were duplicated in new towns such as Ang Mo Kio, Clementi and Bedok.
Each housing district is usually made up of a cluster of slab blocks with two-, three- and four-room units and one or two point blocks of five-room units. The standardised aluminum door grilles, window panes and double-stepped doorways at each unit lined up along a common corridor were common features found at these flats.
Table-tennis tables, badminton courts and basketball courts were common sport facilities within the housing estates. In between the blocks, there was even a field for the elderly to play a sport similar to croquet or gateball.
Ghim Moh Road (Block 9-12, 9A, 12A)
The construction of the long Commonwealth Avenue West in 1977 had improved the accessibility between the housing estates of Buona Vista, Dover, Ghim Moh and Clementi greatly. By then, the Ghim Moh flats were newly completed, providing housing needs for the residents working at the western side of Singapore.
Zion Road (Block 88-92)
The huge curved bluish flat (Block 92) at the junction of Havelock Road and Zion Road had been an iconic landmark since its completion in 1973. It had witnessed the decline of the Great World Amusement Park in 1978 and the rise of the Great World City in 1997.
Yung Ping, Yung Kuang Road (Block 5-10)
The flats at Yung Ping/Yung Kuang Road were some of the remaining JTC flats in Singapore. A unique aspect was the common lift system shared between two blocks of flats.
Upper Boon Keng Road (Block 20)
The large L-shaped Block 20 of Upper Boon Keng Road was originally one of the two blocks of flats, the other being Block 19, standing near the busy junction of Sim Avenue and Sim Way. Built in 1975, the 30-year-old block was designed with red-bricked sides and distinguished levels in its facade. In November 2005, it was announced as a SERS site, and was emptied by 2012.
Sims Drive (Block 54, 56, 57, 59, 60, 62)
The flats at Sims Drive belonged to a quiet peaceful neighbourhood for the past 30 years, sandwiched between parcels of industrial estates along Aljunied Road and Kallang Way. In November 2005, six Sims Drive blocks, numbered 54, 56, 57, 59, 60 and 62, were announced for SERS. Curiously, Block 55, standing between Block 54 and 56, was left out.
Blk 58, a rental block, was demolished in the eighties. Block 57, 59 and 60 were torn down in 2013, whereas 54, 55, 56 and 62 held on until early 2020, when they were boarded up for demolition works.
Clementi Avenue 3 (Block 445)
The Clementi Town Centre has been undergoing a transformation in recent years, and it is inevitable that the older buildings are to be replaced by newer ones. Block 445, one of the low-rise flats in the vicinity that were built in 1980, was selected for SERS in March 2005. By 2012, the area was cordoned off, ready for demolition.
Commonwealth Avenue (Block 27A)
Built in 1972, the block of 27A stood at an convenient location directly opposite of the Queenstown MRT Station. The eighties was arguably its golden era, as it was part of a self-sufficient Queenstown estate with cinemas, library, supermarket, schools and community centre. Like its neighbour, the Margaret Drive Block 6C, it was demolished between 2011 and 2012.
Holland Drive/Avenue (Block 14-17, 22, 23)
Bedok South Avenue 3 (Block 46-50)
The cluster of five 15-storey HDB blocks at Bedok South Avenue 3 were built between 1977 and 1978, where they were made up of a mixture of 3-room (majority), 4-room and 5-room units.
The residents were notified of the SERS program in 2004. They were given options for the new HDB flats built at Bedok Central. After the flats were vacated, the HDB blocks were leased for several years to foreign workers, with some of the units at Block 46 and 50 reserved as interim rental flats for Singaporeans in need.
By 2018, the five blocks became vacant once again and were locked up, as they await for their eventual outcome.
Dover Road (Block 30-32, 34-39)
It took only a few weeks for the Dover Road housing estate to turn from a busy neighbourhood with crowd-filled kopitiams and hawker centre into a ghost town. By the end of 2010, the flats had became vacated. Two years after its abandonment, the estate came to life again with the units put up for rental for the foreign students.
Toa Payoh Lorong 5/6 (Block 28, 30, 32, 33)
In January 2003, four aging blocks of flats at Toa Payoh Lorong 5 and 6 were chosen for SERS. Built in 1969, the most famous block in recent years was perhaps the one with the iconic dragon playground standing in front of it.
One after another, the twelve shops and kopitiam at Block 30 ceased their operations in 2006. Two years later, residents began to move out; some of them were relocated to their new flats at Toa Payoh Lorong 2 and Jalan Tenteram.
Some of the units were then temporarily used as dormitories for the foreigners working at the Sentosa Resort World when it was first started. By mid-2013, the four blocks of mostly three-room units were finally emptied.
The iconic dragon playground, though, becomes a hot topic of debate recently, as it is the only original sand-based dragon playground left in Singapore (the other three are either smaller dragons or rubber-mat type). Many have expressed support for the preservation of the old playgrounds that had given precious childhood memories to the previous generation of Singaporeans.
Havelock Road and Taman Ho Swee (Block 29, 31, 33)
The three blocks of 29, 31 and 33 at Havelock Road and Taman Ho Swee had been listed for SERS since February 2003, but it was only a decade later before the demolition started.
Interestingly, Block 29, 31 and 33 were the only odd-numbered blocks at Havelock Road. The remaining blocks, all even-numbered, are clustered at the stretch nearer to Lower Delta Road.
The slab block of 29 of Havelock Road was perhaps the most eye-catching flat along the driveway, with its facade designed with alternative squarish blocks painted in green, yellow and white. It also stood beside Isetan Office Building, which houses the popular Havelock Road branch of Ah Hua Bak Kut Teh.
The en-bloc Taman Ho Swee blocks stood on a small hill behind Block 29. Even though the three blocks were located close to each other, Block 31 and 33 were named after Taman Ho Swee, a short road off Jalan Bukit Ho Swee.
All three blocks in the vicinity, as well as some of the nearby flats, were built in the late sixties to accommodate the residents who lost their homes in the fires that plagued Bukit Ho Swee in 1961 and 1968.
One of the designs of public flats at Bukit Ho Swee in the late sixties and early seventies include a long narrow corridor with units facing each other, creating a gloomy and suffocating surrounding. This unpopular design was discontinued in the designs of public housing years later.
Seletar West Farmway 6 (Block 1, 2, 5-7)
In the seventies, the HDB built several small housing estates, known as Rural Centres, in different rural areas of Singapore to resettle the farmers. One of them was the Jalan Kayu Rural Centre. The flats in these rural centres were generally three- to four- storey tall, and consisted of retail shops, hawker centre and wet market to provide self-sufficient means for the residents.
The region around Seletar West Farmway had witnessed rapid development in the nineties. By the new millennium, other nearby farmways were already incorporated into the new towns of Sengkang and Punggol. Likewise, the flats at Seletar West Farmway were due to be demolished, but due to changes in the redevelopment plans, they were re-used as foreign worker dormitories instead.
The flats were eventually torn down in 2016 for the development of new Fernvale flats.
Lim Chu Kang Road (Neo Tiew) (Block 3-5)
Like the Jalan Kayu Rural Centre, the Neo Tiew housing estate was another rural centre built by the HDB in the seventies. Also known as the Lim Chu Kang Rural Centre, there were three blocks of low-rise flats in the vicinity, completed with shops, playground, hawker centre and market.
In October 1998, the blocks were listed for SERS. By 2002, most of the residents had moved out; many of them took up their priorities to the new flats at Jurong West. The abandoned estate was later taken over by SAF for their FIBUA (Fighting in Built-Up Areas) training exercises.
Strathmore Avenue (Forfar House)
The iconic 14-storey Forfar House at Strathmore Avenue was the first public housing to be announced for SERS. Built in 1956, the SIT block was named after Royal Borough of Forfar, the hometown of Queen Elizabeth’s mother. When completed, it was the tallest building in Queenstown, and many local nicknamed it as zhap si lau (fourteen storey). In later times, the flat also gained a notorious reputation as a suicide block.
Today, its site is occupied by the 40-storey Forfar Heights.
Refer to the official HDB InfoWEB for other announced SERS sites between 1995 and 2009. Also read From Villages to Flats (Part 2): Public Housing in Singapore for a brief history of SIT, JTC and HDB flats.
Published: 04 April 2013
Updated: 26 February 2020